Individuals are required to quarantine when they have been exposed to someone with COVID-19 or someone who likely has COVID-19. Separating yourself from others helps to minimize the risk of transmitting the disease to other people. People who have COVID-19 need to follow isolation guidelines, see below.
14-day quarantine is recommended for all unvaccinated individuals. OHA is recommending a 14-day quarantine to address rising numbers of cases and hospitalizations and prevent the spread of COVID-19.
A shortened quarantine period of 10 days is only permitted for individuals working in specific jobs as a means to prevent staffing shortages. For more information, please refer to OHA’s statewide guidance. All other unvaccinated individuals should quarantine for the full 14 days.
Per the CDC and OHA, fully vaccinated people can refrain from quarantine and testing following a known exposure if asymptomatic. Someone is considered fully vaccinated if it has been 2 weeks or more since receipt of the second dose in a 2-dose series, or 2 weeks or more since receipt of one dose of a single-dose vaccine. Fully vaccinated people should still watch for symptoms of COVID-19. If symptoms develop, all people – regardless of vaccination status – should isolate and be clinically evaluated for COVID-19.
Individuals are required to isolate if a medical provider suspects they have COVID-19, or if they have tested positive and have symptoms. Isolation helps prevent the spread of COVID-19. You may end isolation when the following conditions are met:
- It has been 10 days since your symptoms first appeared AND
- You have gone 24 hours with no fever, without taking fever-reducing medicines like aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen AND
- Any other symptoms of COVID-19 are improving (this does not include loss of taste or smell, some people may continue to experience this weeks or months after recovery)
If you tested positive for COVID-19 and you don’t have symptoms it is still important for you to isolate away from others to prevent asymptomatic spread.
- If you remain asymptomatic, you can end your isolation 10 days after you had your positive test
- If you develop symptoms at any point, your isolation period restarts on the day you developed symptoms and you should follow the above guidelines for symptomatic individuals
Do you have an isolation plan if you or someone in your household becomes sick? Isolation can be a daunting thought for someone who’s just tested positive for COVID-19; planning ahead may help reduce the anxiety of this stressful situation.
If someone is ill or told to isolate themselves, the first step is to move them away from the other members of your household. A spare bedroom with an attached bathroom is the best option, but if this is not a possibility, any bedroom will work. During isolation, the isolated individual should not be permitted to leave their room and no one else should enter their room.
Before moving yourself or someone else into isolation you should be sure to have the following items available:
- paper towels
- cleaning supplies
- face masks
- hand sanitizer
- cough drops
- feminine hygiene products (if needed)
- personal medications
- a logbook for symptoms
Designate one family member to care for the sick. Anybody entering of leaving this room should wear a face covering to prevent the spread of the illness. Remember, the infected person should have no visitors.
Continue good hygiene practices such as:
- Wash your hands often for at least 20 seconds.
- Avoid touching your face.
- Disinfect high touch items such as doorknobs, phones, game controllers, etc.
- Avoid sharing personal items such as bedding, towels or dishes.
- Open windows to increase ventilation.