The Purpose of the Law
Focus on driving and put away the distractions.
It is illegal to drive while holding or using an electronic device (e.g. cell phone, tablet, GPS, laptop).
The law does not apply to the following:
- When using hands-free or built-in devices, if 18 years of age or older
- Use of a single touch or swipe to activate or deactivate the device or a function
- While providing or summoning medical help and no one else is available to make the call
- When parked safely, i.e., stopped at the side of the road or in a designated parking spot. (NOTE: It is NOT legal to use the device when stopped at a stoplight, stop sign, in traffic, etc.)
- Truck or bus drivers following the federal rules for CDL holders
- Using a two-way radio: CB users, school bus drivers, utility truck drivers in the scope of employment
- Ambulance or emergency vehicle operators in the scope of employment
- Police, fire, EMS providers in the scope of employment, (can include when in a personal vehicle if, for example, when responding to an emergency call)
- HAM radio operators, age 18 years or older
Some are "affirmative defenses," which means you may need to prove to the court.
|First offense, not contributing to a crash: Class B violation||
|Second offense, or first offense, if it contributed to a crash: Class A violation.||
|Third offense in ten years: Class B misdemeanor||
Course for First-Time Offenders
For a first offense that does not contribute to a crash, the court may suspend the fine* if the driver completes an approved distracted driving avoidance course, and shows proof to the court, within four months.
* Only the fine is suspended—the violation will still be recorded on the offender's driving record.