Clackamas Water Environment Services (WES) owns and operates the Fischer’s Forest Park large onsite septic system (LOSS). The LOSS serves a community consisting of 26 homes on three cul-de-sac streets.
The original LOSS was installed in the early 1970s, and like any system that is 50 years old, even with routine maintenance, performance can deteriorate over time. Phase 1 construction will replace the public sanitary sewer mainlines and manholes (solid green lines) and offers the opportunity for homeowners to have their residential service connections (dashed green lines) replaced at no cost. Phase 1 is scheduled to begin in the summer of 2022.
Fischer’s Forest Park LOSS History
The LOSS was initially built in the 1970s, consisting of three separate collection areas (East, Central and West), each with a septic tank and drain field. In the early 1980s, the drain field that serviced the West collection area began to fail. This unexpected system breakdown prompted a 1983 renovation of the system. The 1983 project made two major changes to the system.
First, instead of having separate drain fields for each collection area, the effluent from all three septic tanks was re-directed to a central recirculating tank. By combining the flows into one system, it would allow the updated facility to provide even dosing of the drain fields and help avoid overloading any one part of the system.
The second major change was the addition of a recirculating gravel filter. The filter served to further treat the wastewater, which in turn would limit the amount of solids being delivered to the drain fields. It was expected that wastewater with lower solids content would extend the life of the drain fields and decrease the likelihood of system issues in the future.
The system operated in that manner until 2006. In 2006, the recirculating gravel filter was replaced with a more modern filtration system, and a more sophisticated drain field dosing control system was installed. Outside of regular maintenance and equipment replacement, no upgrades or modifications have been done since 2006.
In 2019, we hired consultants to complete an evaluation of the collection system (manholes, pipes, septic tanks, recirculation tanks, filtration units, etc.) and the drain fields.
The evaluations identified many deficiencies in the system:
- Some of the pipes have developed sags, and there are areas where pipe connections have separated.
- Several of the concrete structures have developed cracks, and while these cracks are not structural concerns, they let groundwater into the system, which can cause the system to exceed its treatment capacity.
- Some locations where pipes enter the concrete structures have degraded, allowing groundwater into the system and can cause the system to exceed its treatment capacity.
- Some of the concrete structures and cast iron pipes show signs of corrosion that could lead to structural failures if left unattended.
- Damage caused by tree roots has left the central drain field severely damaged, and repairing the system in its current location is not a realistic option.
- Evidence indicates the east and west drain fields are struggling and need to be rehabilitated or replaced.
- The system’s operation and distribution controls are inefficient and should be modernized to improve the performance and life expectancy of the facility.
After receiving the results of the evaluation, we hired a firm that specializes in septic design to develop a project to address the condition issues. Design work has concluded, and the new design should ensure proper operation and durability for another 50 years.
Construction is scheduled for summer 2022 and spring-summer 2023.
Virtual neighborhood meeting on the Fischer's Forest Park large onsite septic system (LOSS).
Construction will happen in two phases. Phase 1 is scheduled to begin in the summer of 2022 and includes:
- Replace the entire gravity collection system, including manholes, mainlines, and when possible, residential service connections.
Phase 2 is expected in the spring & summer of 2023 and includes:
- Rehabilitate or replace septic tanks
- Make improvements to and move the treatment system to an area north of Merry Meadow court.
- Create a new drain field over the area of the field that failed in the early 1980s.
Every effort will be made to make the construction activity as minimally disruptive as possible.